Different Styles Of Coffee Roasts


Coffee roasting is a crucial step in the coffee-making process that greatly influences the flavour, aroma, and appearance of the coffee beans. There are several different styles of coffee roasts, each with its own characteristics. Here are the most common styles:

1. Light Roast:

    • Light brown in colour with a dry surface.
    • Retains more of the bean's original flavours and characteristics.
    • High acidity and pronounced floral, fruity, or tea-like notes.
    • Light body and crisp finish.
Coffee Roasts: Light Roast

    2. Medium Roast:

      • Medium brown with a dry surface and a slightly richer flavour than light roast.
      • A good balance of acidity and body.
      • Prominent origin flavours with moderate roast characteristics.

    3. Medium-Dark Roast:

      • Darker brown with some visible oils on the bean's surface.
      • A fuller body and reduced acidity compared to lighter roasts.
      • A balance between origin flavours and roast characteristics, with hints of bittersweet chocolate and caramel.

    4. Dark Roast:

      • Dark brown to almost black in colour with shiny, oily beans.
      • Minimal acidity and pronounced roast characteristics.
      • Bold, smoky, and often bitter taste.
      • Origin flavours are largely overshadowed by the roasting process.
      • Common names: French roast, Italian roast, Espresso roast.
    Coffee Roasts: Dark Roast

      5. Very Dark Roast:

        • Almost black, oily, and shiny beans.
        • Extremely low acidity and strong roast flavours.
        • Bitter and smoky taste, with very little origin character remaining.
        • Often used for espresso blends.
        • Common names: Spanish roast, Dark French roast.


      It's important to note that the names and characteristics of roasts may vary between different coffee roasters and regions. Additionally, specialty coffee roasters may use unique names to describe their roast levels, so it's helpful to read their descriptions to understand the flavour profile they aim to achieve.

      The choice of roast level largely depends on personal preference. Lighter roasts showcase the nuanced flavours of the coffee origin, while darker roasts tend to have a more roasted, caramelised taste. Experimenting with different roast levels can help you discover your preferred coffee flavour profile.

      Different styles of coffee roasts: Conclusion